What is Disk Defragmentation and how it works ?

Does your computer buffer a lot? Or does it randomly crash and freeze up at times? Maybe your system has undergone disk defragmentation. Well, it is a very reasonable process, and there’s nothing to worry about it. Let me quickly take you to a tour through which you may solve all these problems.


disk intel

What is disk fragmentation and how does it hamper the system performance?
Disk defragmentation is the process of breaking down of a file into pieces to fit on the disk.
It happens over time since we always delete and add files. The files that we think its deleted not removed from the system rather its contents eliminated so that new material can rewrite it. Since the size of an original file and older file varies most of the time, the space allotted doesn’t satisfy.
Hence leading to disk defragmentation of the same file into different locations. It makes it difficult for the system to recall and hampers the system performance. It can identify by longer boot times, random crashes, freeze ups, and even inability to complete boot up at all.
Is disk fragmentation an issue in modern PCs too?

The answer to this is yes, fragmentation occurs in modern days PCs too but this issue isn’t a headache as it was decades back due to a smarter operating system and hard drives of larger memories. Or in literal terms, we have more intelligent computers that have an inbuilt solution to this, i.e., defragging(defragmentation). PCs have disk defragmenter in them.
Precisely, if you have a Windows 10 operating system you need not worry at all as they have SSD Drive that doesn’t need to defrag;
if you are running Windows 7,8, or vista automatic defragging occurs so, you can just check if it runs from time to time,
but if you are still using Windows XP you must perform manual defragging!


How does defragmentation work?
It works like a jigsaw puzzle solver, it takes up all the pieces of the same file from different locations and assembles it. It is the act of reverse fragmentation.
Microsoft Windows has a utility software in them called disk defragmenter. It performs the intricate task of disk defragmentation by rearranging the files stored on the disk which enhances the overall performance as it would now take less time to read and write the data to the drive.

What is an SSD?
It expanded as Solid State Drive. It is a non-volatile storage memory used in modern PCs. The data stored on the solid-state flash memory. They don’t have any moving parts, and info stored in microchips. They don’t require defragging as their performance isn’t much affected due to fragmentation. Rather defragging them might pose a problem as it may shorten the lifespan of the drive by reasonable wear and tear of the trip.
List of some defragmentation software:-
Norton Utilities



Steps to defragment your hard disk manually (for Windows XP):- ( Disk Defragmentation )
For those of you who still use Windows XP, it’s time to upgrade your device soon!
For the time being, you can try defragging your system manually to work more efficiently.

Here are the quick steps to do so: -
1:-Open disk defragmenter utility (merely type “disk defragmenter” in the search field by clicking start button).
2:-Select the drive you wish to defragment & click the Analyse button to check if the drive needs defragging. Observe the graph shown if you see a significant amount of red lines then it is fragmented.
3:-Now select the drive and click Defragment and confirm that you wish to proceed in the dialogue box that appears further.
Finally, the result will be displayed showing the files that could move and the data that couldn’t transfer.

*Try not to use the computer during the process is taking place as it may cause the defragmenter to start the process all over again. You can track the whole process by monitoring the status bar.

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